The Fratelli d’Italia (FdI), which Giorgia Meloni has led since 2014, is a party with neo-fascist roots. Although it has only existed in its current form since 2012, it is the direct political descendant of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), which was formed by members of Mussolini’s National Fascist Party after the War.
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The MSI was the party of the nostalgici, those who looked back fondly on fascism. The FdI is headquartered at the same address in Rome where the MSI set up office in 1946; and its party symbol is the Italian tricolour flame, which is said to represent the flame that is always kept burning on Mussolini’s tomb in Predappio. The FdI itself has fielded candidates who are descendants of Mussolini (including his granddaughter Rachele Mussolini).
One of its founders, Ignazio La Russa, who now serves as speaker of the senate, is the son of a Mussolini associate who collects fascist memorabilia; the party’s councillors have been seen giving fascist salutes and praising Mussolini.
Is the FdI still neo-fascist today?
Political scientists describe it as “post-fascist”, or far-right. Meloni joined the MSI’s youth wing as a teenager in the working-class district of Garbatella in Rome. She was then an avowed admirer of Mussolini. But as leader, she has worked hard to moderate the FdI’s image.
“Fascism has been consigned to history,” she said recently, arguing that her party today is a mainstream conservative one, like Britain’s Tories. Some see her as a populist in the mould of Viktor Orbán in Hungary or Marine Le Pen in France. But many argue that the FdI has most in common with Donald Trump’s wing of the Republican Party: it is anti-immigration, anti-abortion, and fiercely anti-“woke” ideology. Meloni summed up her political brand at a rally in 2019, when she declared: “I am Giorgia, I am a woman, I am a mother, I am Italian, I am a Christian – and no one will take that away from me!” Her credo became so famous that it was remixed into a dance track.
How did Meloni gain power?
Through the collapse of yet another governing coalition. The former European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi was …read more
Source:: The Week – All news