Why you should never keep chocolate in the fridge, according to three-Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse

Alain Ducasse Le Café

Stop putting chocolate in the fridge, says three-Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse.
As well as dozens of restaurants, Ducasse now owns 10 chocolate shops and a chocolate factory in the heart of Paris.
He told us that chocolate should be kept between 15°C and 18°C (59°F – 64°F) in a dry place.
The best temperature for consumption is around 20°C (68°F).
If chocolate is kept in the fridge, water condenses and the chocolate whitens.

I always put my chocolate in the fridge.

I like the snap and crunch that the cold conditions facilitate.

It turns out I’ve been doing it all wrong, though, according to three-Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse who just opened a chocolate shop in London.

After opening more than 40 restaurants across seven countries and three continents, Ducasse decided to get in on the chocolate business.

Le Chocolat Alain Ducasse in London is the chef’s 10th chocolate outpost, including a factory in Paris where the goods are made.

Since I have no Michelin stars, no chocolate shops, and no chocolate factories, I decided to hear him out.

Read more: Here’s why you should never put vodka in the freezer, according to the creator of Grey Goose

“Storing in the fridge should be avoided,” Monsieur Ducasse, who is one of only two chefs to hold 21 Michelin stars throughout his career, told me.

“Chocolate should be kept between 15°C and 18°C (59°F – 64°F) in a dry place,” he continued.

“The best temperature to enjoy it is approximately 20°C (68°F).

“Ganaches must be eaten within two or three weeks, pralinés within maximum three to four weeks, and bars can be eaten within a few months.”

Who knew there were so many rules?

Damien Couliou, Managing Director of Le Chocolat Alain Ducasse in London, explained why room temperature was optimum for chocolate consumption.

“If we go too cold,” Couiliou says, “water condenses and the chocolate whitens.

“If we go too hot (over 20°C), the chocolate melts and becomes soft.”

According to Couiliou, when condensing, water reacts on a microscopic level with the sugar contained in chocolate and crystallises on the surface, whitening the colour.

“The water condensing will not affect the flavour of the chocolate itself,” Couiliou stipulates; “It is more about the visual.”

So there you are — if you want your chocolate to remain the colour you bought it, keep it out of the fridge and in your cupboard, and make sure you consume within a month. That shouldn’t be too tricky.

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Source:: Business Insider

      

The gunman at the centre of a mass shooting in Aurora, Illinois, was about to lose his job before he opened fire

Aurora shooting

Gary Martin, the gunman involved in a mass shooting in Aurora, Illinois, was about to lose his job before he opened fire on colleagues.
Five people were killed and five police officers were injured in the incident on Friday at the Henry Pratt Company industrial warehouse.
Aurora police chief Kristen Ziman suggested it had the hallmarks of a “classic workplace shooting.”

The gunman at the centre of a mass shooting in Aurora, Illinois, was about to lose his job before he opened fire on his colleagues.

Five people were killed and five police officers were injured in the incident on Friday at the Henry Pratt Company industrial warehouse, while the shooter Gary Martin was also killed by law enforcement.

Late on Friday, Aurora police chief Kristen Ziman told media that Martin, 45, was going to be dismissed from his job on the day of the attack.

“The information that we have indicates he was being terminated today,” she said, per Reuters, adding that the reason for his dismissal was not known to police.

“I hate that we have to use the term ‘classic workplace shooting.’ That pains me to do so. At this time, I don’t know. We can only surmise with a gentleman who’s being terminated.”

Ziman added that the five people killed were employees of the Henry Pratt Company. When confronted by police, Martin opened fire on them, injuring five officers. Police returned fire and killed the aggressor.

All five injured police officers were transported to local hospitals. They have non-life threatening injuries.

Police received an active-shooter alert Friday afternoon around 1:24 p.m. local time, Ziman said. Police arrived at the scene within four minutes. Aurora is about 50 miles west of Chicago.

US President Donald Trump praised law enforcement. “Great job by law enforcement in Aurora, Illinois. Heartfelt condolences to all of the victims and their families. America is with you!” he tweeted.

Read more: 5 civilians killed, 5 police officers injured, suspected gunman dead after mass shooting in Aurora, Illinois

One witness who works at the plant, John Probst, told ABC 7 Chicago that Martin was one of his colleagues, and that he saw him “running down the aisle” before he and his peers fled.

“As soon as we heard shots, we took off out the front door,” he said. He added that he saw one person bleeding badly, and could still hear gunshots after he left the building.

Henry Pratt Company …read more

Source:: Business Insider